Minsk Oblast is central, the biggest oblast of the Republic of Belarus, boarders with all oblasts of the republic. It covers an area of 39,9 square kilometers, its the longests length from the North to the South - 315 km, from the East to the East - 240 km. Its territory (together with Minsk) totals 19,4% of the territory of Belarus.
Minsk Oblast land is diverse. Its landscape is featured by alternation of uplands with areas of plains and lowlands.
The highest mountain of Belarus - Dzerzhinsk Mountain (345 m.) is situated in the North-Western part of the oblast. The lowest level of Minsk oblast - 130 m. (area of the Oressa River).
Minsk land is reach for such minerals as potash and rock salt, peat, clay, sapropel, sand and gravel materials, iron ore, oil shale, mineral water etc.
The oblast ranks the second position in the number of water reservoirs and water sourses and counts for more than 450 rivers with the total length over 10 000 km., about 500 water reservoirs with water mirror 246,2 sq. km., 28 artificial water reservoirs.
The watershed between the rivers of the Baltic and the Black seas - Neman and Dnepr - transits through the territory of Minsk Oblast. The majority of Minsk Oblast lakes has the Ice Age origin. The are integral part of the Oblast`s landscape. The biggest of them - the Naroch and the Svir.
37% of Minsk Oblast is covered by forest - it is a combination of coniferous forest of the East-Europen type and broadleaf forest of the West-European type. Forestation of Logoisk, Borisov, Berezino, Starye Dorogi and Krupki regions reaches at 45– 50%.
Minsk Oblast has part of the Berezino Biosphere Reserve which has an international status, the Nature National Park «Narochansky» and a range of especially protected natural areas with a national status.